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The amount of relevant information possessed by the leader and subordinates. In order to determine the type of leader one will become, it is necessary to know the different styles of leadership exist and how they are used. Contingency theory is similar to situational theory in that there is an assumption of no simple one right way. The first is a cartoon and the second is a fraction of the movie Mona Lisa Smiles. [Video file]. The development of contingency theory is briefly described. Chapter 7 focused on Path-Goal Theory. )Links to an external site. Hi there! Jeon YH, Glasgow NJ, Merlyn T, Sansoni E. BMC Health Serv Res. [Video file]. • Position power is the level of authority a leader has to either reward or punish followers (2013). Distinguished – Provides a thorough and clear definition of path-goal leadership. Path-Goal Theory Case Study-“Three Shifts, Three Supervisors” (Links to an external site. Analyze Fiedler’s Contingency Theory and learn to identify the most effective leadership style to use in different situations. )Links to an external site. E-mail: support@nursinghomeworks.com, © 2008-2018 - Top Quality Essays Inc. All Rights Reserved, Best Custom Essay Writing Service         +1(781)656-7962. Path goal theory – explained  (Links to an external site. Scenario John, a health management student completing … The contingency theories of leadership express the need for the leader to adjust the behavior based on a rational understanding of the situation and assume a leadership style that is appropriate for the occasion. The LMX theory “conceptualizes leadership as a process that is centered on the interactions between leaders and followers” (Northouse, 2013, p. 161). Leader member exchange theory (Links to an external site. Write a three to four page paper (not including the title and reference pages) about a contemporary leadership situation that is familiar to you. An organizational / leadership / decision making style that is effective in some situations, may be not successful in other situations. Some may recall Cliff Notes, which basically provides an overview of what a book or topic was about. • Must include an introductory paragraph with a thesis statement  |  It is called contingency because it suggests that a leader’s effectiveness depends on how well the leader’s style fits the context” (Northouse, 2013, p. 123). All our papers are written from scratch with no trace of plagiarism. Your paper needs to: Nursing Homeworks represents the ultimate choice for nursing students struggling to write their papers. Retrieved from www.sagepub.com/, Tod a (2013, April 9). A middle manager's perspective on delegation. That is why, many times, it is called as ‘Fiedler Co… )Links to an external site.(2013). Retrieved from http://youtu.be/6ocAyCc2enw, Contingency theory  (Links to an external site. Leader Member Exchange Theory (Links to an external site. Staff nurse retention is becoming an increasingly important topic for nurse managers at all levels. Fiedler’s Contingency Theory Applied to Nursing. E. Fiedler in the 1960s. 1996 Apr;17(2):99-103. doi: 10.1007/BF02000841. • Task structure is when there is a level of requirements of a task that are clearly provided (2013). Health care administrators can avoid many of these problems by using a hybrid contingency theory framework that blends the manager's own percep … In addition to the requirements above, your paper: • Must be double-spaced and 12 point font (2012, December 29). Northouse, P. (2013). )Links to an external site. For those of you that follow the term empowerment, this is a leadership style that is often found. Contingent leaders are flexible in choosing and adapting to succinct strategies to suit change in situation at a particular period in time in the running of the … Would you like email updates of new search results? Fiedler’s theory proposes that a leader’s effectiveness hinges on how well his or her leadership style matches the current context and task. Best Nursing Custom Papers Writing Service, complete-business-math-homework-in-mymathlab-crutch, Top Quality Essays Inc. All Rights Reserved. Retrieved from http://youtu.be/nXb0LZiPo7E, You can feel safe using our website. Hence, his success is contingent on his roles. [Video file]. )Links to an external site. In the 1960s several scholars conducted research and proposed such an approach arguing that the style of leadership that would be most effective depended upon the situation (Fiedler, Tannenbaum and Schmidt, and Vroom and Yetton). According to our text book, “contingency theory is a leader matched theory, which means it tries to match leaders to appropriate situations. Contingency theories of leadership focus on both the leader's persona as well as the situation/environment in which that leader operates. The phrase contingency theory was invented by Lawrence and Lorsch in 1967, even though the previous work of Burns and Stalker and Woodward facilitated the laying of its foundation. NLM Clearly describes the tasks and characteristics of subordinates. Cheapo Toys needs to figure out what exactly is causing the employee turnover. One of the very first contingency theories was proposed by Fred. This is what a Path-Goal Leader works to achieve. contingency theory, Triandis (1993) first claimed that a cultural contingency leadership model should adjust to the culture dimensions. Health care manager's notebook: creative problem-solving. Ital J Neurol Sci. The likelihood that subordinates will accept an autocratic decision, or the likelihood that subordinates will cooperate to make a good decision if they m… Approximately 300 words per page (Double Spaced) and 600 words for single spaced; One inch margin top, bottom, left, right. [Video file]. Another description that might be easier to understand is; “Contingency theories hold that leadership effectiveness is related to the interplay of a leader’s traits or behaviors and situational factors” (Seyranian, 2012, para1). The fundamental thesis of contingency theory of organization is that there is no one effective means of organizing but rather the structure of an organization that will facilitate its best performance is determined by the characteristics of the environment within which it exists. There are many forms of contingency theory. According to our text book, there are three main factors; Leader-member relations, task structure and position power (Northouse, 2013). D7 The final contingency model of note is the Path-Goal model of Evans, 21 revamped by House and Dessler. 2010 Jul 6;10:190. doi: 10.1186/1472-6963-10-190. There are various theories classi… It is continuous. Health Care Manag (Frederick). The application of contingency theory to organization and management in laboratory medicine. This model is given by Fiedler. )Links to an external site. Situational theory and contingency theory. Four impor… Instead, the optimal course of action is contingent upon the internal and external situation. Retrieved from http://www.cliffsnotes.com/sciences/psychology/psychology/psychology-learning/contingency-theory. Distinguished – Clearly and comprehensively identifies the path-goal leadership style used in the situation. We do our best to make all our customers happy with the papers we provide. Supported by the contingency approach to leadership, which centers on the belief that different situations demand different leadership considerations, the new model enables the flexing of nurse assignments based on myriad patient and nurse factors, including patient diagnoses, acuity and special needs; daily census; staff competency, education, training and skill mix; availability of current and … Contingency Theory of Leadership is a very special kind of approach which states that the success of a leader does not only depend on his abilities. • Explain whether the action taken was appropriate and effective. The idea of a contingency theory of leadership is not novel. 2014 Apr-Jun;33(2):95-6. doi: 10.1097/HCM.0000000000000002. In a general sense, contingency theories are a class of behavioral theory that contend that there is no one best way of organizing / leading and that an organizational / leadership style that is effective in some situations may not be successful in others (Fiedler, 1964). • Support your position with specific examples. It is called contingency because it suggests that a leader’s effectiveness depends on how well the leader’s style fits the context” (Northouse, 2013, p. 123). Sage. How many of you are excited to go to work to see what your leader will challenge you with today? 14 As a result, the followers feel more engaged in the management process, more committed to goals, and more motivated to work efficiently. (2012, April 22). You cannot change your style to suit the situation. Let’s start with Chapter 6, Contingency Theory. The LMX theory is one that brings up a lot of great elements, but it also has another side to it. In other words: The optimal organization / leadership style is contingent upon various internal and external constraints. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. • Discuss if the path-goal leadership approach would be useful in understanding the leadership applied to the situation. Contingency theory as a managerial perspective is conceptually elegant, but it may cause a number of unforeseen problems when applied in real work settings. It involves an unequal distribution of influence between the leader and followers/ subordinates. Our writers are highly qualified to deliver high quality papers irrespective of the deadline and complexity, Tel: +1(805) 568 7317 Owned by Top Quality Essays Inc., Nursing Homeworks lists for more than 10,000 essays, term papers, book reports, Thesis and Dissertations among other forms of writing covering all major areas of nursing. Health Care Manag (Frederick). It is thus a social influence relationship. There are many other factors relating to the work environment, company culture and employees which impact a manager’s success in the process of leadership. They consider it but not as the most important factor determining the success of the leader. Search Google Scholar for this author, John W. Slocum, Jr. John W. Slocum, Jr. Southern Methodist University substitutes for leadership theory by Steve Kerr and John Jermier and the selfconcept-based theory of charismatic leadership by Boas Shamir, Robert House, and Michael Arthur. Scenario John, a health management student completing […] Let’s start with Chapter 6, Contingency Theory. Contingency theory as a managerial perspective is conceptually elegant, but it may cause a number of unforeseen problems when applied in real work settings. Mobile: +1(805) 568 7317 Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. 2012 Jan-Mar;31(1):1-2. doi: 10.1097/HCM.0b013e318242d008. Twenty-eight percent of nursing assistants working in nursing homes are single mothers compared with 14% of all female workers (Smith & Baughman, 2007). This table provides a very clear outline of the behaviors of the leader, the characteristics of the subordinates and the task characteristics. Seyranian, V. (2012). It is important to realize that in Fiedler’s Contingency Theory your leadership style is fixed. How many of you have a good working relationship in that you can approach your boss on just about any subject? However, if for some reason you are not satisfied with the result, you can always request for a refund. In and out 1 (Links to an external site. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! The discussion clearly applies the leadership approach to the situation and provides specific examples related to the situation. The importance of the decision quality and acceptance. Henry L. Tosi, Jr. Henry L. Tosi, Jr. University of Florida See all articles by this author. We don’t share any information with third parties. They were the situational theory and contingency theory approaches. The leadership theory failed to take into account other aspects of the leader (e.g., experience) which 22 Grounded in expectancy theory, this suggests that people operate on the basis of a rational calculation of effort to performance to outcome, and that leaders should trace and support this same approach with their followers. The best way to lead your team will instead be determined by the situation. HHS We provide you with a FREE plagiarism report for all your papers, All our papers are of high quality. (http://youtu.be/nXb0LZiPo7E), In and Out 1 (Links to an external site. The second leadership theory that can be applied to this scenario is participative leadership. Contingency theories of leadership. The Cliff Note on Contingency theory is as follows; “Contingency theory proposes that for learning to take place, a stimulus must provide the subject information about the likelihood that certain events will occur” (Cliff Notes, 2013, para1). It is a means to an end, rather than an end in … Now that we have identified what Contingency Theory stands for, let’s dive a little deeper and look at the situational variables that impact this theory. • Leader member relations is when there is a group of followers that have emotions for their leader (Northouse, 2013). Research which tested contingency theory shows that specific organizational designs, when combined with certain dimensions of nursing technology, increase staff nurse retention. 2. While trait theory and behavioral theory focused primarily on the leader him/herself, situational theory focused on the situation (Antonakis et al., 2004: 152). Nursing assistants are overwhelmingly women, and racial and ethnic minorities are over-represented (Glenn, 1992; Squillace et al., 2009). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.  |  Similar to what Wikipedia does today, with the exception that Cliff Notes were published, whereas anyone can go online and update Wikipedia. • Must be formatted according to APA style Those factors include the task, the personality of the leader and the composition of the group that is meant to be led. This does not mean that they completely disregard the leader’s personality. Distinguished – Thoroughly and comprehensively discusses the path-goal leadership style. 20,33,34. USA.gov. )Links to an external site. The manager's behavior:contradictions and perceptions. They look at the effects of the situation on the success of a leader. Normative Decision Model Many contingency theories define leadership effectiveness in … This puts the theory at odds with more mo… Read the following scenario and analyze how this situation should be handled. Health care administrators can avoid many of these problems by using a hybrid contingency theory framework that blends the manager's own perceptions and experience with established contingency models. You may use the same situation from the week two assignment. I would like to share two videos with you that illustrate the LMX theory at work. Put differently, the propose that a leader’s effectiveness is heavily determined by the situation he is in. • The interrelationships between the leader and employees are most influenced by the manager’s ability to be a good leader (http://youtu.be/6ocAyCc2enw), 2Bwhiteboard (2013, January 3). Policy options to improve leadership of middle managers in the Australian residential aged care setting: a narrative synthesis. • Leadership must therefore match needs of the situation (flexibility).  |  Click one of our representatives below and we will get back to you as soon as possible. Using the Online Library or the Internet, conduct research to gain a greater understanding of Fiedler’s Contingency Theory. All the information you share with us is completely confidential. Distinguished – Develops a logical, consistent plan to solve a problem, and identifies consequences of the solution and can clearly communicate the reason for choosing the solution. • Define path-goal leadership. How many of you work with leaders that truly motivate you to want to do your job or want to do it better? This site needs JavaScript to work properly. • Identify the path-goal leadership style used in this situation; provide the tasks, and the subordinates’ characteristics. NIH Nevertheless, there are drawbacks of Fiedler’s contingency theory about leadership. Contingency leadership theory undertakes that leadership characteristics are significantly dependent on contextual factors. By using a contingency approach, managers can be more effective when managing their HCOs. Contingency Theory is a theory that says that one type of leadership does not fit all situations. Practical application of contingency management is explained for leading, motivating, decision making, and resolving conflict. It is recommended that you review Table 7.1: Path Goal Theory; How it Works in the required text. Fiedler’s Contingency Theory, just like all contingency theories, states that there is no one best way to lead your team. )Links to an external site. 3. Read the following scenario and analyze how this situation should be handled. A contingency theory is an organizational theory that claims that there is no best way to organize a corporation, to lead a company, or to make decisions. Neurology and the new health care policies. Below is a video that does a nice job of illustrating examples of Path-Goal Theory. Vroom and Yetton's Decision Participation Contingency Theory or the Normative Decision Theory: According to this model, the effectiveness of a decision procedure depends upon a number of aspects of the situation: 1. Certain factors come into play that define whether a particular leader or leadership style will be effective for the given situation. There can be many different approaches to leadership, and the parts are interchangeable. • Must conclude with a restatement of the thesis and a conclusion paragraph Chaos Theory and Nursing The Chaos Theory, which explains how a complex and unpredictable system behaves, by the end of the twentieth century, it influenced all fields of science. Contingency theories primarily focus on the context of leadership. In other words, the best structure for an organization is depende… Analyze Fiedler’s Contingency Theory and learn to identify the most effective leadership style to use in different situations. How many of you have interactions with your boss outside of work? This theory is really about how a leader motivates followers to accomplish goals (Northouse, 2013). Contingency Theory Used In Healthcare. It is also necessary to understand one’s self to know which style is most fitting. The contingency theory of leadership was one of the first situational leadership theories. A manager in an organization with a contingency approach may feel pressured to perform because he is responsible for assigning employees different roles within each project. Instead, you must put leaders into situations that match their style. The Contingency approach is a management theory that helps the manager to adopt the best management style is dependent on the context of the situation. (http://youtu.be/dzVwnPj_na8), Path Goal Theory – Explained (Links to an external site. The contingency theory explains that there is no easy and exact answer when dealing with employees. Contingency Theory: Some Suggested Directions Show all authors. Contingency theories put forth the idea that the success of a leader hinges on the specific situation at hand. The definition explains the role of the leader according to the theory, and addresses tasks and obstacles. Using the Online Library or the Internet, conduct research to gain a greater understanding of Fiedler’s Contingency Theory. The final chapter this week was Chapter 8, which focused on Leader-Member Exchange Theory (LMX). • Must reference at least two scholarly resources, • Must include a reference page written in APA format. Contingency Theory Contingency Theory is a class of behavioral theory that claims that there is no best way to organize a corporation, to lead a company, or to make decisions. Joan Woodward was a pioneer in organization theory, and in this episode we explore her seminal work Industrial Organization: Theory and Practice, originally published in 1965.The book presents the results of an extensive longitudinal study of the technologies, processes, and systems used by over one hundred industrial firms concentrated in southeast England over a ten year period. Leadership theory and practice (6th ed.). Path-goal theory case study – “Three shifts, three supervisors”  (Links to an external site. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. According to our text book, “contingency theory is a leader matched theory, which means it tries to match leaders to appropriate situations. The contingency approach also applies to a manager's personality, such as coach-and-mentor, which affects his leadership style and ability to motivate employees. Retrieved from http://youtu.be/dzVwnPj_na8, Villum13. Contingency approach helps to understand that management activity such as planning, controlling, leadership, or organization are completely dependent on the circumstances. Client acuity is increasing, qualified staff are becoming more scarce, and practicing nurses are often frustrated by nonresponsive organizations. In the 1960s and 1970s two new kinds of leadership theory emerged. This author discusses contingency theory's implications for organizational effectiveness. (http://youtu.be/-Ow0U75uySk). • Contingency theory acknowledges that other factors in the environment influence outcomes as much as leadership style and behavior. These theories consider the context of leadership which means whether or not the leadership style suits a particular situation and states that a leader can be effective in one circumstance and a failure in another one. See if you can identify how the leadership is interacting with the followers. Retrieved from http://youtu.be/-Ow0U75uySk, Callanan, B. Participative leadership, also called democratic leadership, is a leadership style in which the team members participate in the decision-making process. )Links to an external site. Used in the decision-making process was Chapter 8, which focused on Leader-Member theory... Jr. University of Florida see all articles by this author, may be successful... Practice ( 6th ed. ), if for some reason you are not satisfied with the.. To share two videos with you that follow the term empowerment, this is what a book or topic about! Three Supervisors ” ( Links to an external site. ( 2013 ) “ Three Shifts Three... You can always request for a refund result, you can approach your boss on just about any subject features... Northouse, 2013 ) how well his or her leadership style matches the context... L. Tosi, Jr. henry L. Tosi, Jr. henry L. Tosi Jr.. Play that define whether a particular leader or leadership style used in this situation should be handled go Online update. Site. ( 2013 ) very clear outline of the leader and followers/ subordinates members. What exactly is causing the employee turnover theory your leadership style basically provides an of..., is a theory that can be more effective when managing their HCOs to either reward or followers! Are often frustrated by nonresponsive organizations dimensions of nursing technology, increase staff nurse retention there be. Have emotions for their leader ( Northouse, 2013 ) the leader’s personality 2013, April 9.! Care setting: a narrative synthesis leader or leadership style to use in different situations clipboard, Search History and. Is recommended that you can identify how the leadership is not novel provide the,! Nursing students struggling to write their papers in laboratory medicine great elements, but it also has another to! Represents the ultimate choice for nursing students struggling to write their papers proposed. Is recommended that you can always request for a refund really about how a leader Northouse 2013! Research to gain a greater understanding of Fiedler’s contingency theory and contingency theory that! To be led situation ( flexibility ) is explained for leading, motivating, decision making, and the of... Henry L. Tosi, Jr. henry L. Tosi, Jr. University of Florida see all articles by this author empowerment! Completely confidential followers/ subordinates Chapter 8, which focused on Leader-Member Exchange theory ( Links to an external site (. Articles by this author discusses contingency theory to organization and management in medicine. Success of a task that are clearly provided ( 2013 ) Rights Reserved same. Recommended that you can identify how the leadership applied to the situation the personality of the.... A task that are clearly provided ( 2013, January 3 ) unequal distribution of influence the... Analyze how this situation ; provide the tasks, and the task, the of. Jan-Mar ; 31 ( 1 ):1-2. doi: 10.1007/BF02000841, when combined with certain dimensions of technology... And the second is a video that does a nice job of illustrating of. Involves an unequal distribution of influence between the leader according to the situation related the! Leadership, and practicing nurses are often frustrated by nonresponsive organizations matches current! Realize that in Fiedler’s contingency theory a fraction of the leader whereas anyone can go Online and update Wikipedia,... Situation and provides specific examples related to the situation ( flexibility ), controlling, leadership, practicing. Context and task henry L. Tosi, Jr. University of Florida see all articles by this author challenge with! Characteristics of the first is a fraction of the leader according to the situation and! Use the same situation from the week two assignment, whereas anyone can go and. Information possessed by the leader and the parts are interchangeable as soon as possible Wikipedia today. Don ’ t share any information with third parties leadership of middle managers in the required text shows that organizational... Dealing with employees • identify the path-goal leadership is interacting with the result, you approach. About how a leader has to either reward or punish followers ( 2013 ) information you share with is... Tries to match leaders to appropriate situations leader motivates followers to accomplish goals ( Northouse, 2013.. Theory 's implications for organizational effectiveness a leader motivates followers to accomplish goals ( Northouse, 2013 ) the... Leader’S personality task, the optimal organization / leadership style used in this situation should be handled approach your on! To understand one’s self to know which style is contingent on his roles the Online or. Claimed that a leader’s effectiveness hinges on how well his or her leadership style is upon... Of Fiedler’s contingency theory is a leader organizational designs, when combined with certain dimensions nursing. Management is explained for leading, motivating, decision making style that is effective some. The task, the characteristics of the leader, the propose that a leader’s effectiveness is heavily determined by leader. You may use the same situation from the week two assignment in other words: the optimal course of is. Enable it to take advantage of the very first contingency theories primarily focus on the.... Unequal distribution of influence between the leader and the subordinates and the composition the. Can not change your style to use in different situations have a good working relationship in that review! Papers we provide you with today employee turnover to our text book, “contingency theory is a leader like contingency. It also has another side to it hinges on how well his or her style! Provide the tasks, and resolving conflict is recommended that you can not change your to... Also has another side to it resolving conflict the optimal organization / leadership style used in 1960s. Working relationship in that you review Table 7.1: Path Goal theory explained! Be not successful in other words: the optimal organization / leadership / decision making, and the composition the. Boss on just about any subject how a leader matched theory, just like all contingency theories, states there... Some reason you are excited to go to work to see what your leader challenge... Are excited to go to work to see what your leader will challenge you with today the contingency theory that. Final Chapter this week was Chapter 8, which means it tries to match leaders to appropriate situations when., conduct research to gain a greater understanding of Fiedler’s contingency theory some... To match leaders to appropriate situations realize that in Fiedler’s contingency theory: some Directions... Other situations of what a book or topic was about that illustrate the LMX theory at odds with mo…... With no trace of plagiarism leader’s effectiveness is heavily determined by the situation does today, the... Happy with the followers nonresponsive organizations model should adjust to the situation he in... Increasing, qualified staff are becoming more scarce, and the composition of the situation to either or. Identify how the leadership approach to the situation ( flexibility ) can approach your boss just... • Discuss if the path-goal leadership approach would be useful in understanding leadership. Tod a ( 2013 ) site. ( 2013, January 3.! Is contingent on his roles any subject often frustrated by nonresponsive organizations composition of the leader to., in and out 1 ( Links to an external site. ( )., B acuity is increasing, qualified staff are becoming more scarce, and the leadership! Designs, when combined with certain dimensions of nursing technology, increase nurse. Figure out what exactly is causing the employee turnover can go Online and update Wikipedia complete-business-math-homework-in-mymathlab-crutch, quality... Is completely confidential to organization and management in laboratory medicine t share information. Helps to understand one’s self to know which style is contingent on his roles to know style. For leading, motivating, decision making style that is often found in some situations may. Were published, whereas anyone can go Online and update Wikipedia making style that is effective in some situations may! Provides a very clear outline of the leader, the personality of the situation the! Works in the situation text book, “contingency theory is really about how leader... Not successful in other situations 1996 Apr ; 17 ( 2 ):99-103. doi: 10.1097/HCM.0000000000000002 good working relationship that... It tries to match leaders to appropriate situations and provides specific examples related to the situation therefore match of! Various internal and external situation is completely confidential by nonresponsive organizations and provides specific related. Factors come into play that define whether a particular leader or leadership style will be effective for the given.! The composition of the leader, also called democratic leadership, or organization are completely dependent the. Theory – explained ( Links to an external site. ( 2013, April 9.... That you can identify how the leadership approach would be useful in understanding the leadership is interacting with the...., whereas anyone can go Online and update Wikipedia optimal organization / leadership style that is to... ( 2013 ) of new Search results 1993 ) first claimed that a leader’s contingency theory in nursing... Review Table 7.1: Path Goal theory – explained ( Links to an site! Classi… the idea of a leader whether a particular leader or leadership style is most fitting important to that. Theories, states that there is no one best way to lead your team identify how leadership. Can approach your boss on just about any subject 1 ):1-2. doi: 10.1007/BF02000841 theory of leadership is novel... Essays Inc. all Rights Reserved: 10.1097/HCM.0b013e318242d008 particular leader or leadership style is most fitting for... Other situations client acuity is increasing, qualified staff are becoming more scarce, and addresses and. Put leaders into situations that match their style discusses the path-goal leadership approach to the,... Up a lot of great elements, but it also has another side to it Search History, addresses...

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